Globalization/Anti-Globalization: Beyond the Great Divide by David Held

This book was useful in wrapping my head around the arguments for and against Globalisation, and as a fairly effective catch-up guide to some of the things that have happened so far that I might have missed due to not being alive, and then later not being interested.  I’ve just grouped my notes here to keep me right.

‘The traditional conception of the state, in which it is posited as the fundamental unit of world order, presupposes its relative homogeneity, that is, that it is a unitary phenomenon with a set of singular purposes [Young 1972: 36]’ (20)

‘Global politics today is anchored not just in traditional geopolitical concerns but also in a large diversity of economic, social and ecological questions.  Pollution, drugs, human rights and terrorism are among an increasing number of transnational policy issues which cut across territorial jurisdictions and existing political alignments, and which require international cooperation for the effective resolution.’ (21)

‘Since 1989 the number of INGOs (international non-governmental organisations) has increased by 150%’ (22)

‘The one this that did most to give modern nation-states a focus and a purpose, that is, national security, which has been at the very heart of modern statehood, can now be realized effectively only if nation-states come together and pool resources, technology, intelligence, power and authority. (24)

‘In a democratic and global age, when dealing with international and transnational questions, acting alone will not be the way to generate wither success or legitimacy.’ (26)

‘today military force is largely unsuitable to achieve many political goals.’ [See Kaldor 2004] (26)

‘… new electronic networks of communication and information technology which now straddle the world help intensify and rekindle traditional forms and sources of national life, reinforcing their influence and impact.’ (31)

‘Nationalism may have been functional, perhaps even essential, for the consolidation and development of the modern state, but it is today at odds with a world in which economic, social and many political forces escape the jurisdiction of the nation-state.’ (33)

‘So long as capitalism exists, imperialism will remain and global poverty and inequality will continue to endure.  Genuine development therefore has to be rooted in a transformation or delinking from the world economy: more anti-capitalism than anti-globalisation.’ (122)

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